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US Economic Nexus Guide

Does your business have  customers in the United States? Okay, listen up. Economic nexus laws demand the attention of every business, especially online sellers, SaaS companies, and any other kind of e-Commerce.

Sure, US sales tax is a tricky web, but you don’t need to get caught in it! We’re here to help you understand what economic nexus means, how it works, and which states use it with our up-to-date US Economic Nexus Guide.

What Does “Nexus” Mean?

The term “nexus” refers to a commercial connection in the state. A nexus is something you have. So, your business either has nexus in a state, or it doesn’t have nexus in a state. When you do have nexus, that means you’re obligated to collect tax on your sales there. Each state has their own variety of sales tax nexus.

Traditionally, nexus have been determined by “sufficient physical presence,” and there are multiple ways your business could satisfy the requirement of “sufficient physical presence.” It could be through a brick-and-mortar office, a single sales representative, a high-grossing affiliate business, or even using cookies on computers located in the area.

Nowadays there are several different kinds of nexus, including some that are not based on physical presence. This guide focuses solely on the economic nexus.

Want to learn more about the various types of nexus and how they underpin the US sales tax system? Check out our Quick Guide to US Sales Tax Nexus.

What is Economic Nexus?

An economic nexus is a sales tax nexus determined by economic activity, i.e. - the amount of sales you make in a particular state. Any kind of economic activity could trigger the nexus, once your total sales reach a certain amount.

You can acquire an economic nexus regardless of where your business, employees, or warehouses are located. If your sales in that state are substantial enough, then you are liable for sales tax there. End of discussion.

But what’s substantial enough? Generally, states with economic nexus have a threshold in place. The common annual thresholds are $100,000 in sales or 200 separate sales transactions, whichever your business reaches first. However, exact numbers can vary by state, so it’s best to check each state individually.

For further information on the development of these economic nexus policies, read our blog post on the recent US Supreme Court decision of Wayfair vs. South Dakota.

Which US States have Economic Nexus?

Name Thresholds
Alabama $250,000
Alaska 200 transactions or $100,000
Arizona $100,000
Arkansas 200 transactions or $100,000
California $500,000
Colorado $100,000
Connecticut 200 transactions and $100,000
Florida $100,000
Georgia 200 transactions or $100,000
Hawaii 200 transactions or $100,000
Idaho $100,000
Illinois 200 transactions or $100,000
Indiana 200 transactions or $100,000
Iowa $100,000
Kansas $100,000
Kentucky 200 transactions or $100,000
Louisiana $100,000
Maine $100,000
Maryland 200 transactions or $100,000
Massachusetts $100,000
Michigan 200 transactions or $100,000
Minnesota 200 transactions or $100,000
Mississippi $250,000
Missouri $100,000
Nebraska 200 transactions or $100,000
Nevada 200 transactions or $100,000
New Jersey 200 transactions or $100,000
New Mexico $100,000
New York 100 transactions and $500,000
North Carolina 200 transactions or $100,000
North Dakota $100,000
Ohio 200 transactions or $100,000
Oklahoma $100,000
Pennsylvania $100,000
Rhode Island 200 transactions or $100,000
South Carolina $100,000
South Dakota $100,000
Tennessee $100,000
Texas $500,000
Utah 200 transactions or $100,000
Vermont 200 transactions or $100,000
Virginia 200 transactions or $100,000
Washington $100,000
Washington DC 200 transactions or $100,000
West Virginia 200 transactions or $100,000
Wisconsin $100,000
Wyoming 200 transactions or $100,000

Which US States DO NOT have sales tax?

You'll notice that there are five states missing from the table above. That wasn't an error on our end. There are five states in the US, commonly known as the NOMAD states, that do not have US sales tax. The US NOMAD states are:

While none of the NOMAD states impose a comprehensive statewide sales tax, specific transactions within each state may be subject to taxation. In some instances, these states apply local sales taxes, while in others, they enforce a state tax on the purchase of particular goods or services.

Still confused about what economic nexus is? Watch our explainer video here:

Note: At Quaderno we love providing helpful information and best practices about taxes, but we are not certified tax advisors. For further help, or if you are ever in doubt, please consult a professional tax advisor or the official Department of Revenue.

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